- Samagra Shiksha is a comprehensive school-education programme that runs from pre-school to class 12.
- It is being prepared with the overarching objective of enhancing school effectiveness that is measured by equal access to education and equitable learning outcomes.
- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), and Teacher Education(TE) these all fall under one umbrella.
- Universal Access, Equity, and Quality, as well as encouraging vocationalization of education and improving teacher education institutions, are the key outcomes of the Scheme (TEIs).
Main Aim of this Scheme
The Scheme’s major aim is:
- To provide quality education and improve students’ learning outcomes
- To close social and gender gaps in school education; to ensure equity and inclusion at all levels of school education
- To ensure minimum standards in schooling provisions
- To promote vocationalization of education
- To assist states in implementing the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009
- To strengthen and upgrade SCERTs
Major Features of This Scheme
Integrative Approach to Education
- From Pre-school to Class 12, look school education as a continuous process.
- Senior secondary and pre-school levels are included for the first time in the assistance school education.
Trying to reform the administrative system
- Harmonized implementation because of such a single and unified administrative structure.
- States has provided the flexibility in prioritising their interventions under the Scheme
- An integrated administration that considers school as a continuous process.
Main Emphasis on Quality of Education
- This Scheme mainly Emphasises on improving quality of education by focusing on the two T’s – Teachers and Technology
- Improving the Capacity Buliding of Teachers and School Heads
- Emphasize on strengthening The Teacher Education Institutions like SCERTs and DIETs to improve the quality of prospective teachers in the system
- SCERT will serve as the nodal institution for in-service and pre-service teacher education, allowing for dynamic and need-based training.
- Support for the Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan, which encourages students to learn science and math in school.
- To strengthen core abilities at the primary level, support the Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat Programme.
- Every school receives a library subsidy ranging from Rs. 5000 to Rs. 20000.
Emphasize on Digital Education
- Over a five-year period, all secondary schools will participate in ‘Operation Digital Board,’ which will change education by converting technology-based learning classes into flipped classrooms.
- Smart classrooms, digital boards, and DTH channels will all help to improve the use of digital technology in education.
- Digital projects such as UDISE+ and Shagun will be encouraged.
- ICT infrastructure in schools from upper primary to higher secondary level is being improved.
Schools are being strengthened
- Children in all classes from I to VIII will have improved transportation to and from school.
- The composite school grant has been enhanced from Rs. 14,500 to Rs. 50,000 and will now be distributed based on school enrolment.
- Support ‘Swachh Vidyalaya’ with a specific provision for Swachhta activities.
- Infrastructure in Government Schools Should Be Improved
Emphasize on Girl Education
- Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) are being upgraded from Class 6-8 to Class 6-12.
- Girls from upper primary to senior secondary school receive self-defence training.
- Increased attention to ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’
Priority on Inclusion
- The RTE Act increased the uniform allocation from Rs. 400 to Rs. 600 per child each year.
- The RTE Act increased the annual allocation for textbooks from Rs. 150/250 to Rs. 250/400 per pupil. To be introduced are electrified textbooks.
- Children with Special Needs (CwSN) allocation was increased from Rs. 3000 to Rs. 3500 per child per year. Girls with Special Needs in Classes 1 to 12 receive a monthly stipend of Rs. 200.
Prioritize the development of skills
- Vocational skills would be introduced to Upper Primary students.
- Vocational education for students in grades 9 through 12 should be integrated into the curriculum and made more practical and industry-oriented.
- Recognize the significance of ‘Kaushal Vikas.’
Sports and physical education are prioritised
- Every school would receive sports equipment at a cost of Rs. 5000 for basic schools, Rs. 10,000 for upper primary schools, and up to Rs. 25,000 for secondary and senior secondary schools in order to promote and underline the importance of sports.
Prioritizing Regional balance
- Encourage a well-balanced educational development.
- Preference should be given to Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs), LWE-affected districts, Special Focus Districts (SFDs), Border territories, and Niti Aayog’s 117 aspirational districts